How to Choose Decking And Fencing Timber

Choosing among different types of timber for fences and decks could be challenging, because of the many different choices available. One vital thing that will play a huge part in your decision is aesthetics. If you’re looking for a specific colour or textured look, your options are narrowed down a bit.

But aesthetics isn’t the only thing you should take into account. There are primary practical differences among various types of timber that could have major consequences for your home project. Keep in mind that specific qualities or types of wood are a lot more suitable than others.

Below are some important points to keep in mind:

Hardwood or Softwood

The terms “hardwoods” and “softwoods” are derived from whether trees (like Jarrah, Merbau, Mahogany, and Merbau) cover their seeds, or simply leave their seeds fall on the ground and uncovered, (like Cypress and Pine).

Balsa, one of the softest types of woods is actually a type of hardwood. But it’s one of the very few exceptions to the rule. Generally speaking, softwoods come from evergreens, and hardwoods from deciduous trees.

Hardwoods grow significantly slower and are denser compared to softwoods. This makes hardwoods generally harder, tougher, and more expensive. They’re also a lot more difficult to cut and work with, but will typically wear much longer. They are able to resist weathering a lot more and they don’t need much maintenance. There are around 100 times more types of hardwoods than there are softwoods. But because softwoods grow much faster and easier to work with, they’re used more commonly in construction than hardwoods.

New Timber or Seasoned Timber

The age of wood and whether it has been seasoned or not will play a great part in its longevity. Unseasoned or “green” timber will contain a huge deal of the timber’s original moisture content. As such moisture leaves the wood over time, the wood will twist, shrink, and warp, ruining your deck or fence.

So, it’s important that the wood you will go with is not simply seasoned, but seasoned the right way. Usually, seasoning is performed in a kiln with sawn wood. Timber that gets dried so fast will shrink on the surface and will compress the moisture-rich timber underneath, which can make the timber very unstable once pressure is released. The timber will also lose its moisture naturally and become seasoned if it is left out to air dry, making older timber a better option.

If you are looking for quality softwoods and hardwoods for installing a deck or a fence, simply contact the Team at Serano by clicking on the link provided.

How To Choose Wood For Decking And Fencing

Fences and decks give additional living area, increase both the aesthetic and resale value of any property. But before you go out and purchase materials for installing a fence or a deck, there are some important things to consider: aesthetic, maintenance, price, and lifestyle.

Pressure-Treated Wood:

Many decks and fences are constructed from pressure treated lumber mainly because it’s the most affordable lumber. But the method of pressure treating doesn’t make it absolutely resistant to moisture and/or water, meaning you’ll have to apply some water repellent to the structure at least once a year to protect the timber from damage and moisture. There are certain pressure-treated timber brands that are designed for the outdoors. They have a good preservative system which makes use of copper as the primary ingredient. Copper is a naturally occurring mineral. It is a commonly used fungicide. Some manufacturers of pressure-treated timber add a compound known as “quat” in order to enhance the performance of the wood against fungi and wood-eating insects that are tolerant to copper.


A regularly maintained deck or fence made of pressure-treated wood will last up to 4 years. When speaking about maintenance, it must be thoroughly washed annually with a detergent to get rid of algae, moss, dirt, and mold. Using a pressure washer is a quick way to clean a fence or a deck. When the structure has completed dried, apply a sealant. Sealants will help prevent discolouration and splintering due to moisture.

Red Cedar Wood:

This type of timber naturally has preservative which makes it resistant to insects and rot. Its nice texture, colour, and grain make it an easy choice. It’s one of the most attractive materials for decks and fences. Cedar is lighter compared to pressure-treated lumber, making it easier to work with. This means that it is more expensive.


Wash fence/deck once yearly with detergent and water. Do not use a pressure washer on a Cedar deck. Certainly, Cedar is durable, but it is still a type of softwood and cans still get damaged due to much water pressure.

Composite Decking

This is made from a combination of timber fibers and resin. It resembles real timber and does not need staining or painting. It doesn’t splinter, rot, warp, or crack.


Periodic washing with some soap and water is essential in order to get rid of tough surface dirt. This can also prevent the accumulation of debris and pollen that will cause the growth of mold and mildew. A pressure washer should be used for cleaning and rinsing the structure. It should not be used to blast off soiling agents, otherwise the dirt will be driven deeper into the material. Test on a certain area prior to washing the whole structure.

If you want to get quality, durable, and affordable wood for building a fence or deck, just check out Serano Timber & Hardware Co. by clicking on the link given.

Winter Maintenance Guide for Wood Fences

Between the very cold temperatures, rain, and wind, winter can be a huge challenge to a wood fence. Spending time out in the extremely cold environment is probably the last thing many people would want to do in winter, but a bit extra maintenance can help prolong the life of your wood fence and also reduce possible problems that you’ll face when spring comes.

What the Cold Season Does to Wood Fences

While the sun is generally the biggest enemy when speaking about damage to timber fences, the unwavering shifting of temperatures and moisture of the winter will also cause serious damage. Below is a good idea on how the winter season can affect a wood fence:

Rain & Snow:

The fibers of timber fences will become weak when exposed to such natural elements for long periods of time. It also leads to the development of mildew, mold, and rot. A good quality waterproof stain or sealant is the best protection against these natural elements. Also, it is essential to keep organic matters such as twigs or leaves, from getting stuck between the fence boards, as they block the circulation of air and creates a trap for moisture to develop. In addition, such things deteriorate and can cause damage to your fence.

Changing Temperatures:

Changes in temperature will cause the wood to contract and expand, which can eventually result in knots falling out, leaving the fence with knotholes. If this problem is simply ignored, the knotholes will invite pests and rot.

Shifting Soil:

Too much precipitation could cause water to soak into the soil and create shifts, sinkholes, and landslides that could negatively affect the supporting posts of your fence. Throughout the cold season, it’s best to keep an eye on your timber fence to make sure that it stays strong, straight, and free of rot.


Overhanging branches of trees could break when the weight of snow and ice becomes intolerable. As branches fall, the fence could get damaged. Check any trees near your timber fence, and prune off any branches that present a threat.

Wood Fences Maintenance Tips for Winter

Using a good quality fence sealant or stain before the winter season arrives is your first line of defense against winter damage. But there are important steps to take throughout the cold months:

* Check your wood fence after a significantly strong storm. Inspect it for any damages and see to it that the posts are still straight. To check this, run a piece of string along the posts’ tops. Look for rises or dips in the string, then inspect such posts to know if they need repair. Doing the needed repairs now will keep the problem from worsening throughout the cold months.

* See to it that the cement footings of the fence are free from bark dust, dirt, and other unwanted materials. This may seem pointless but doing so reduces the chances that the cement will develop cracks caused by trapped moisture and changes in temperature.

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